How does the height of a ramp affect the distance of a marble

Record the distance travelled using chalk by the car for three different gradients, what do you notice? Keep the car and gradient constant this time, but record the distance travelled using a smooth and a rough surface on your ramp. What do you notice? Cars travelled further if the gradient was steeper, this is because a steeper gradient allows the car to pick up more speed. Our cars travelled less far when we used the carpet surface vegetazione_7 when we used the smooth surface.

This is because there is more friction between the car and carpet than between the car and smooth surface. Does the extra force make a difference? The ramp has three different surfaces to test, one smooth, one carpet and one slightly rough. Your email address will not be published.

how does the angle of a ramp affect the distance the marble travels?

Carpet or other rough surface. Do not push the car, just let it go without any force behind it. Method How does gradient affect distance travelled?

Things to keep constant Use the same car and the same ramp. How does the surface of the ramp affect distance travelled? Results Cars travelled further if the gradient was steeper, this is because a steeper gradient allows the car to pick up more speed. Extension Activities Is there a point where a steeper gradient makes the distance travelled smaller? What happens if you change the surface at the bottom of the ramp?

What happens if you make the cars heavier? Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Cookies are used on Science Sparks so that we may improve our site. These cookies feedback information to our analytics and advertisers.Assuming the ramp is at a reasonable angle to the ground, consider this as a matter of energy.

The change in gravitational potential energy of the ball when it rolls down the higher ramp will be larger than the change in potential energy when the ball rolls down the lower ramp, since the change in gravitational potential energy is directly proportional to the change in distance of the ball with respect to the center of the Earth.

how does the height of a ramp affect the distance of a marble

Thus, the ball has gained a lot more kinetic energy from the higher ramp and will roll farther on the same surface than when released with less kinetic energy. The above is all assuming a reasonable angle. If you increase the angle too much, you start to depend on the elastic properties of the ball whether it bounces a lot, a little, or permanently deforms when it hits the floor. For example, a rubber superbounce ball dropped down a completely vertical ramp will just bounce in place, not rolling anywhere.

As you increase the slant of the plane, the force of gravity an increased effect while friction has less. Because of this, the ball can reach a higher speed at the bottom of the ramp and roll further after leaving the ramp. Any object at a height from the ground possesses potential energy. Greater the height greater is its potential energy. When it is dropped from that height, all its potential energy is converted to kinetic energy; that is it has speed. If we replace the ramp by a curved path, the speed of the object will be the same provided the height is the same.

Therefore, when the height of the ramp is increased the ball gains speed when it reaches the ground. Answer Save. Ron Lv 6. Databit42 Lv 4.

When you roll a ball down a ramp, two forces are acting upon it, Friction and Gravity. When a ball is on a level plane, the forces are blanced and the ball does not roll.

Ramps, gradients and friction

It has been 20 years since physics class, but I think that souns about right. Pearlsawme Lv 7. Therefore, greater the height greater is its speed when it reaches the ground.

Moreover, the speed at the ground does not depend upon the path. It depends only on the height. How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer. Jinan Ahmed. Kohinoor Parvin.

how does the height of a ramp affect the distance of a marble

The steeper a ramp the farther the ball goes. Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.Students are working through the steps of the scientific method to test a hypothesis. In doing so, they are identifying and controlling variables, and building scientific thinking skills. This lesson is directly linked to standard ETS Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

Although it is not the direct focus of this lesson, the force of gravity and friction are also addressed. This provides students with some background knowledge that will help them connect to new knowledge later in the year when we cover standard 5-PS on gravity. Students will work through the steps of the scientific method to test their hypothesis on whether increasing the height of a ramp will cause the car to move a greater distance. They will demonstrate an understanding of controlling variables in the experiment and how to collect and record precise data.

I will assess students mastery through formative assessment while observing them while conducting the experiment and through the data they collect. I have a ramp set up in the middle of the classroom.

It is set up with 3 textbooks at one end of a wooden ramp. I ask students to predict what will happen if I set a toy car at the top and let it go. All students agree the car will go down the ramp. I demonstrate this for them and show them that they are correct, the car rolled down the ramp. I tell them that I want to try and get the car to travel further, all the way across the room if I can.

I ask for ideas on how I can do this without changing the car, or the force used to move the car. I ask students to tell me what force is responsible for the motion of the car and they know it is gravity.

I provide students with the opportunity to try and think of things to change themselves because it promotes science thinking, and it leads to testable questions. Students begin giving ideas on ways to get the car to travel farther. They tell me to wax the surface of the wood to make it more slippery.

how does the height of a ramp affect the distance of a marble

I use this teachable moment to discuss friction for a minute. They tell me to raise the ramp. I tell them that we will test to see if raising the height of the ramp affects the distance the car travels today. We will test how changing the surface affects the car later in the year I already have this experiment planned for the unit on forces and motion but when it comes time they will think they came up with it. I provide each student with a piece of copy paper already trifolded and ask them to glue it in their science notebook.

I have the same foldable glued in my notebook on the overhead. I record the question for the experiment in the upper left corner of the foldable: Does increasing the height of a ramp affect the distance a toy car travels? Students copy this down. I always model in my notebook what I want them to do in theirs because it provides an example for those who need the visual.

It also gives me something to reference later in the year.If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.

Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Does the height of a ramp affect the speed of a marble? Wiki User The higher the ramp the faster. The height of the ramp does affect the speed going down it the higher the ramp the faster the car goes down it. Asked in Math and Arithmetic, Physics Does changing the height of a ramp affect the speed of the car going down the ramp? Changing the slope of the ramp will affect the speed of the vehicle going down it.

At the bottom of the ramp, the higher the ramp the faster the speed, ignoring frictionl forces The speed varies as the square root of the height. Asked in Physics How will the angle of the ramp affect the speed of the marble? Asked in Consumer Electronics, Geology Rebecca is conducting an experiment to see if the height of a ramp affects the speed at which a marble rolls down the ramp What should be the only variable in Rebecca's experiment?

Dependant variable Height of the ramp. Asked in Fluid Dynamics What is the effect of ramp length on the speed of a marble? The marble is speeding up the entire time it is on the ramp, so the longer the ramp the faster the marble will end up going.

Asked in Physics, Geometry What is the final speed of the marble at the bottom of the straight ramp and loop ramp? A marble traveling at 3. Asked in Height How does the increasing the height of a ramp affect how far a ball rolls down ramp?

The height of a ramp affects the speed of a car because the higher the ramp the faster the car will come down.To find out if falling objects dropped from a higher distance will hit a greater impact force than the same object dropped from a lower distance.

Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who played a promiment role in the Scientific Revolution. He supposedly dropped things from the leaning tower of Pisa in order to prove that all objects fall at the same rate, whatever their mass. We'll perform a similar experiment, and try to measure how height affects the force of impact.

Now we are going to calculate to find out the impact force of the drop for all the heights. Remember that gravity is always 9. We are going to calculate impact velocity with this formula:. Bookmark this to easily find it later. Then send your curated collection to your children, or put together your own custom lesson plan. Please note: Use the Contact Us link at the bottom of our website for account-specific questions or issues.

My Education. Log in with different email For more assistance contact customer service. Preschool Kindergarten 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th. Entire library. Science projects. High School. Does Height or Distance Affect Impact? Science project. Share this science project. Grade Level: 9th th; Type: Physical Science Objective: To find out if falling objects dropped from a higher distance will hit a greater impact force than the same object dropped from a lower distance.

Download Project. Grade High School. Science Physical Science. Thank you for your input. Research Questions: Why will throwing the ball down rather than dropping it alter the results of the experiment?

How do we know gravity is always 9. What exactly is this?These days, we are learning about forces, motion, and energy. How the height of the ramp could affect the distance the car moves. The grater the height of the ramp means the greater the velocity of the marble, and the longer the distance the car travels. Add books to the higher side of the ramp, measure the height e.

Part 2: Data Collection and Processing.

how does the height of a ramp affect the distance of a marble

Part 3: Conclusion and Evaluations. After finishing the marble experiment, our conclusion was that the height of the ramp did affect the distance the car traveled. Which means my hypothesis was right, although it seemed like there was an error.

According to the data table, the average distance the car traveled by the ramp height of 4. The average distance the car traveled by the ramp height of 5. The average distance increased 8. We could see the height of the ramp affect the distance the car travels. But when we looked at the average distance the car traveled by the height of the ramp of 7. And also, when we looked at the average distance by the height of 8. But when we look at the average distance of car traveled by the height of 9.

And the linear average distance tells us that the height of the ramp increases the distance the car travels. So we could say it was an error when the averaged distance decreased. Also, the height of the ramp should affect the distance the car travels, because we know that momentum is mass x velocity. And the greater the height of the ramp means the greater the velocity of the marble. So there would be more energy transferred to the car and the car would travel longer. According to this and the rest of the experiment, we could conclude that the height of the ramp affect the distance the car travels.

The gap between the meter sticks used as a path for the marble and as the marble dropped down through the path, the gap became widen. But we just leave the gap widen and did another trial. Since there was more distance apart between the meter sticks, it was frictionless than the trial before. So the marble velocity increased, the momentum increased and the distance the car travels increased. Or it could be fixed by measuring the gap between the meter sticks and making it be the same every time we add more books on the top.

Before we thought as the error, we dropped the marble but pushed it without thinking. So, since we found out that could be one of the errors, we just have to drop the marble and keep remind ourselves not to push the marble.

Leave a comment. First Question. You are commenting using your WordPress.If it was something fragile, you might not have been thinking about this at the time—you were likely too busy trying to grab the object!

We all know that gravity forces an object to fall. But how does this affect how quickly something falls and its impact?

For example, did the object move faster right after leaving your hand, or just before hitting the ground?

In this science activity, you will explore the relation between time and distance traveled when a moving object is under gravity's constant acceleration. Background You know from experience that when you ride a bike downhill, it is easy to get going fast.

Gravity is giving you an extra push, so you don't have to do all the work with the pedals. You also know from experience that the longer the hill, the faster you go. The longer you feel that push from gravity, the faster it makes you go.

Finally, you know that the steeper the hill, the faster you go. The steepest "hill" you could imagine is not much like a hill at all, but rather a sheer vertical drop—where objects go into free fall and where gravity gives the biggest push of all. You wouldn't want to try that on your bicycle! In free fall, gravity constantly accelerates an object increases its velocity —until it hits terminal velocity. Specifically, gravity increases a falling object's velocity by 9.

Does Height or Distance Affect Impact?

How does this constant acceleration affect the distance that an object travels over time? In this experiment you will roll a marble down a ramp to find out.

Observations and results Did the marble travel faster as it went farther down the slope? When an object is in free fall, gravity increases its velocity by 9. So after one second the object would be falling at a velocity of 9. After two seconds the object would be falling at a velocity of