Native american medicinal plants

California poppy, gooseberry and currants, milkweed, and nettle. Since ancient times people have needed plants not only for their very survival but also to enrich their lives and make the act of living a bit more comfortable. All parts of the California poppy plant — from its bright orange roots to its leaves, flowers, and seedpods — can be used medicinally.

Members of the Costanoan tribe prepared the flowers as a strong tea to rinse their hair, to kill head lice. The Ohlone people crushed the seeds and mixed them with bear fat as a hair tonic dressing.

Tribes in the Mendocino area juiced the roots to treat many different ailments, from headaches to stomachaches to toothaches, and nursing mothers would wash their breasts with the root juice to help dry the flow of milk when it was time to wean their babies; Pomo women made a poultice or a strong tea from the mashed seedpods and applied it to their breasts for the same purpose.

Indigenous people in North America have long used currants and gooseberries medicinally.

native american medicinal plants

The Comanche people used a berry tea as a gargle to soothe inflamed throats. The Prairie Potawatomi tribe made a decoction from the root, which was a good eyewash to remove foreign particles or soothe tired or infected eyes. To expel intestinal worms, the Muscogee Creek tribe drank a strong tea made from the root bark. Gooseberry juice was also applied to the skin as a wash to soothe irritated and inflamed skin tissue. A number of Native tribes have used the latex juice from the milkweed roots, plant tops, and stem for medicinal purposes.

The Miwok people used the latex to remove warts. The Cheyenne made a decoction of the dried plant tops and used it as an eyewash to heal snow blindness. CherokeeDelawareand Mohegan peoples used pleurisy root, also called butterfly milkweed Asclepias tuberosamade into a cough remedy.

The Hesquiaht and the Miwok peoples used the plant to relieve muscle and joint pain — sometimes by whipping stems of fresh nettles over the affected body areas. The formic acid contacting the skin caused a temporary burning and blistering, but it also created a rush of circulation to those parts. This improved circulation in the muscles and joints gave some lasting pain relief for conditions like arthritis. Cherokee people prepared a tea from nettles and drank it as a stomach tonic.

Persimmon, spruce, willow, and yew. The Cherokee people picked the fruits just before first frost and made them into an astringent medicinal syrup to treat diarrhea. The Choctaw sun-dried the fruit and baked it into a bread for the same purpose. The Rappahannock Indians chewed the bark to relieve heartburn. Native Americans knew tea brewed from spruce needles helped people stay healthy during long, cold winters. In the s colonists in Quebec City began to suffer from scurvy caused from a vitamin C deficiency.

The Iroquois Indians shared this important remedy with them. Drinking spruce tea and spruce beer, called Newfoundland spruce beer, not only healed them of scurvy, it became an important preventive step. The Choctaw and the Delaware Indians, along with many other tribes, used peachleaf willow S.

It would clean their teeth, and the astringency of the tannins helped to keep gums healthy. Traditionally, women of the Okanagan tribe and other northwestern coastal tribes ate yew berries as a form of contraception. The Quinault people prepared the bark as a decoction and drank it in very small doses to relieve arthritis, tuberculosis, and kidney disease.

The Cowlitz Indians made a poultice of the needles and applied it topically to wounds. The leaves are not taken internally, however, as they are poisonous. She has been growing and working with… See Bio.The following pages are in this category, out of approximately total. This list may not reflect recent changes learn more. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Plants used in traditional Native American medicine.

Plants used in traditional Native American medicine — medicinal plants traditionally used by Native Americans in the United States. The main article for this category is Native American ethnobotany. See also: Category: Plants used in Native American cuisine. Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory.

Category:Plants used in traditional Native American medicine

Pages in category "Plants used in traditional Native American medicine" The following pages are in this category, out of approximately total. B Baccharis salicifolia Baccharis sarothroides Balsamorhiza sagittata Baptisia australis Berberis canadensis Berberis haematocarpa Berberis pimana Betula alleghaniensis Betula occidentalis Bignonia capreolata Blephilia ciliata Blue spruce Brickellia californica Bursera microphylla.

C Calliandra humilis Calocedrus decurrens Calycanthus Calypso bulbosa Campanula parryi Cardamine diphylla Carex oligosperma Castanea pumila Castela emoryi Caulophyllum Caulophyllum thalictroides Ceanothus americanus Ceanothus fendleri Ceanothus herbaceus Ceanothus integerrimus Ceanothus velutinus Cercocarpus ledifolius Chaenactis douglasii Chaetopappa ericoides Chamaenerion angustifolium Chelidonium majus Chenopodium graveolens Chimaphila umbellata Chionanthus virginicus Chlorogalum pomeridianum Cirsium horridulum Cirsium ochrocentrum Claytonia virginica Claytosmunda Cleome serrulata Collinsonia canadensis Commelina dianthifolia Conioselinum scopulorum Corallorhiza maculata Cordylanthus ramosus Cornus sericea Corylus americana Croton setiger Croton texensis Cryptantha cinerea Cryptantha crassisepala Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbita pepo Cymopterus terebinthinus.

E Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia Encelia actoni Encelia farinosa Ephedra californica Ephedra nevadensis Epigaea repens Equisetum hyemale Erigenia Erigeron canadensis Eriodictyon crassifolium Eriogonum alatum Eriogonum fasciculatum Eriogonum jamesii Eriogonum niveum Erodium cicutarium Eryngium aquaticum Erysimum capitatum Erythrina herbacea Euphorbia albomarginata Euphorbia polycarpa Euphorbia revoluta Euphorbia serpyllifolia Eurybia macrophylla.

F Fendlera rupicola Frangula californica Fremontodendron californicum. G Gamochaeta purpurea Gaultheria hispidula Gaultheria procumbens Gentiana villosa Geranium maculatum Geranium viscosissimum Glycyrrhiza lepidota Goldenseal Grindelia camporum Grindelia squarrosa Gutierrezia microcephala Gutierrezia sarothrae.

H Hackelia virginiana Hamamelis virginiana Helianthus annuus Heracleum maximum Heteromeles Heteromeles arbutifolia Hierochloe odorata Holodiscus discolor Holodiscus dumosus Honey locust Hydrangea arborescens Hydrangea cinerea Hymenopappus filifolius Hymenoxys richardsonii. K Kalmia latifolia Kinnikinnick. Namespaces Category Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

8 Native Plants for Native Medicine

Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.Native American, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian healers all have a long history of using indigenous, or native, plants for a wide variety of medicinal purposes.

Medicinal plants and their applications are as diverse as the tribes who use them. Today, indigenous plants are central to efforts to improve dietary health for current generations. Alaska Natives and various Indian tribes have similar projects emphasizing traditional foods.

In this very real sense, food is medicine. Hawaiian medicinal plants grow in many areas, including in the vicinity of heiaus or temples, sites that are considered sacred.

Most Hawaiian medicinal plants are foods that have additional curative properties. Healers view food as medicine, along with fresh, clean air and water. In all cases, healers offer a prayer to ask permission and give thanks for the medicines before harvesting and preparing them, and ask permission to facilitate medicinal healing on behalf of the Creator. We highlight in this exhibition a sampling of medicinal plants used by Hawaiian, Alaskan, and Southwest and Upper Plains Indians medicinal experts.

Our Native contributors have selected specific plants in each region to illustrate the breadth and depth of Native medicinal knowledge and application. We hope you will enjoy learning about the many medicinal uses for plants that are indigenous to these selected Native regions.

Skip navigation. Medicine Ways: Traditional Healers and Healing Healing Plants Native American, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian healers all have a long history of using indigenous, or native, plants for a wide variety of medicinal purposes. Native Hawaiian Medicinal Plants Hawaiian medicinal plants grow in many areas, including in the vicinity of heiaus or temples, sites that are considered sacred.

Southwest Indian Medicinal Plants. Upper Plains Indians Medicinal Plants. Alaska Native Medicinal Plants. Contributors We highlight in this exhibition a sampling of medicinal plants used by Hawaiian, Alaskan, and Southwest and Upper Plains Indians medicinal experts.

Upper Plains Indians: Linda S.You can also heal wounds, cure headaches and ease indigestion using things growing right in your own garden.

Teas, tinctures, and oils from medicinal plants offer up natural alternatives to the stuff you find at the local pharmacy. You might already have a few of them growing in your yard right now. While you may have sustenance covered with your garden, no self-sufficient lifestyle is complete without a few medicinal plants to help keep you well.

Use : Rosemary oil has useful anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties when you apply it topically. In tea form, rosemary is hailed as a valuable memory booster. Consisting of little button flowers that resemble daisies, feverfew is easy to germinate and grow from seed. Of course, results vary widely. As any migraine sufferer knows, what works for one person may not work for another, unfortunately. Cautions : Watch out for a number of unpleasant, but non-serious side-effects ranging from indigestion to nausea.

Allergy sufferers should avoid consuming feverfew. It works wonders on the skin. Hardiness : This tender plant is perennial in zones 10 and up, but it also grows well indoors.

native american medicinal plants

Use : Use the slimy gel-like interior to treat a number of conditions from sunburns to stings. Hardy enough to survive most winter conditions, this perennial plant has been used medicinally for centuries. Use : Valerian is a useful sleep aid and relaxant.

It also helps relieve indigestion. People have reported mild side effects such as headaches and indigestion. Also known as red trillium, this medicinal plant has many uses. It was once widely used by Native Americans to aid with birth. Use : You can banish period camping with a tea made from the root of this plant.

Use : Aconite has sedative properties, as well as the ability to treat headaches. It is a powerful medicinal plant and should be used with extreme care.

Archiving Native American Plant Use

Delicate clover-shaped leaves make up the sushni plant. You can eat the leaves, too, but the plant is more commonly known for its brain-boosting properties. It has also been shown to lower cholesterol levels. Instead, the soft leaves were once used to cover and bandage cuts and scrapes, and you can still use it that way today. Use : This plant is useful for healing skin abrasions and relieving pain associated with wounds.

Cautions : Watch out, many parts of this plant are poisonous, including the berries. The tall flowers make this an attractive addition to the garden. Hardy and low-maintenance, they are best kept protected from strong gusts of wind.

Use : Elecampane is useful as a cough suppressant, in addition to providing relief from indigestion. Use : The name says it all. Once used as a cure-all, the plant has anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. Use : As a tea, lemon balm is a great all-around soother.

Use it to relax, or relieve your tummy troubles. Cautions : Grows fast and spreads quickly. Consequently, you should treat it like mint and grow it in containers or in an area where you can control it. Use : You can heal tummy troubles and acid reflux with a bite from this plant.In keeping with the wondrous abilities of nature to provide for our well-being, each part of the globe is gifted with its own healing plants.

Here in North America, much of our traditional plant knowledge comes courtesy of the American Indians, who relied on medicinal plants for much of their health care. Yet, understanding American Indian medicinal herb use is complex. First, the use of medicinal plants varied widely across the many tribes—and frequently knowledge of the uses of these plants is culturally guarded. Kelly Kindscher, Senior Scientist for the Kansas Biological Survey, is a Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Kansas and the author of numerous pioneering books focused on native medicinal plants.

When starting this story, I reached out to Kelly and the faculty at Haskell University. They advised me that, although much of American Indian knowledge of herbal medicine is culturally guarded, the plants in this article are some of the most widely used, effective and scientifically studied plants native to our continent.

I hope you will use this information as a starting point to learn more about these native plants, and as inspiration to start learning about the healing plants native to your own specific region. Much of the information in this article except where otherwise noted was provided by the herb experts at Mountain Rose Herbs.

Echinacea is one of the most widely known herbal medicines in American folk herbalism. Used extensively by herbalists and American Indians in North America for generations, echinacea gained popularity in Europe in the s.

One of its main uses is to support healthy immune function, although many of its historical uses were related to topical applications. These species are perennial members of the sunflower, or Asteraceae, family and mostly prefer rocky, disturbed soils in open fields, prairies and along railroad tracks. The material found in commerce is generally E. The genus name Echinacea is derived from the Greek echinoswhich means hedgehog and refers to the spiny seed head.

Echinacea was used extensively by American Indians and traditional herbalists in North America. A variety of tribes, including the Pawnee, Dakota and Omaha-Winnebago relied heavily upon this plant, which was used for ailments ranging from supporting the immune system to distemper in horses.

American Eclectic physicians popularized echinacea in the late s, showing particular interest in E. It was all the rage until the Eclectic schools closed down in the mids. Black cohosh is a flowering perennial native to many parts of Canada and the United States.

It thrives in old-growth coastal forests and regions of considerable biodiversity. The plant grows between 3 and 6 feet tall, with a stem that is clustered with tiny white flowers. The medicinal root is best collected between late July and September. It was a favorite herbal remedy for American Indians, who used it for a variety of ailments.Nature is full of healing medication in the form of plants.

The Native Americans know the healing power of plants. Their knowledge of natural remedies is remarkable. Here are three of their guidelines for gathering that can help us all. Here are seven of the best medicinal plants that Native Americans for a variety of remedies.

Learn how to identify these, and how to use them. This knowledge might just save your life. Easily identifiable, blackberries are the perfect plant to use to begin experimenting with natural remedies. When prepared properly, the different parts of the plants help treat many ailments. Blackberry roots contain tannins. These have an astringent property, especially for the digestive tract. By creating a tea or tinctureyou can harness these tannins to help treat diarrhea, hemorrhoids, and other problems in the digestive system.

When you make a decoction from the roots and then mix it with a little honey, you have a natural expectorant. By making an infusion from the leaves, you create a powerful tonic. This is used to stimulate your entire body. Blackberries are full of antioxidants. They are also thought to help relieve anemia when eaten regularly. Making an infusion from the berries is also beneficial. Some people apply this externally to help cure dry and scaly skin. A tree native to the central and eastern United States, slippery elm can help alleviate the symptoms of many conditions.

The main active ingredient is mucilage. Typically, people harvest just and then dry it. The Native Americans used this plant for a variety of purposes, including medicinal ones. Here are some separate ways the parts of this plant can be used:.

A tea from the flowers helps alleviate pain from a sore throat. This tea is also beneficial in the treatment of the cold or flu. Tea made from the leaves helps fight infection. You can also soak a rag in this tea and place it on your joints to help reduce swelling and pain. Native Americans would dry the mullein leaves and smoke them in pipes. This practice was thought to help reduce congestion.Customers can use the tablets to scan barcodes and learn additional information about products, to add items to wishlists, and to enlist the help of sales associates in gathering those wishlist items.

As in-store experiences become increasingly important to consumers, we can expect to see more retailers invest in similar initiatives.

Medicine Ways: Traditional Healers and Healing

Retailers across the board will adopt mobile payment solutions. Mobile payments are the way of the (immediate) future. At the end of 2016, projections say there will be 447. And if the predictions are any indication, missing out on those sales could mean missing out on a lot of money. Businesses that are making the transition need to think ahead and seek solutions that will support contactless to future-proof their EMV upgrade.

Consumers like to tap, and businesses need to set themselves up for success in this area.

28 Powerful Medicinal Plants to Plant in Your Garden

With Apple Pay, Android Pay, and Samsung Pay continuing to expand into North America and globally, the importance of being able to accept contactless transactions will increase. Consumers will expect to be able to pay the way they want, and businesses will need to evolve as their customer expectations change. When it comes to store size, less will be more in 2017. To further understand why shoppers seem to be moving away from larger stores, we need to look at another big trend in the retail industry: the importance of convenience and accessibility.

When people can shop online and have items delivered to their homes in a matter of hours, it takes the promise of a quick, easy experience to entice them to make the trip to an actual physical location.

Instead, they want ease and efficiency in the form of smaller stores with specialized selections. There are other benefits to smaller stores as well. They cost less money to open and operate, and they take up less space in urban environments, allowing retailers to capitalize on the potential of large population centers. Personalization will become increasingly important to consumers.

Unfortunately, the tactics retailers once used to speak directly to customers (such as using first names in an email) have become outdated and transparent in the eyes of those very customers. At the same time, though, consumers are searching more and more for personalized shopping experiences they can really connect with, so 2017 should see retailers testing new ways to appeal to this desire.

native american medicinal plants

One retailer at the forefront of this trend. The athleticwear brand has always been innovative when it comes to personalization (allowing shoppers to customize their sneakers, etc.